Cardiovascular disease – A major health challenge

For a long time, Africa has focused on combating communicable diseases, such as HIV/AIDS and malaria. In recent years, the World Health Organization (WHO) has drawn attention to the growing threat posed by non- communicable diseases, including cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). This epidemic is now affecting all regions of the world and particularly developing countries, where there is no prevention policy and where these diseases, often detected late, have disastrous social and economic consequences.

There is now an urgent need to act: prevention and early detection should reduce the impact of these diseases.

Cardiovascular disease – A major health challenge

What are cardiovascular diseases and what are their risk factors?

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are disorders affecting the heart and blood vessels. They belong to the group of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), or chronic diseases, which are long-term illnesses. The physical symptoms are often “invisible” and progress slowly.

The four main types of non-communicable diseases are:

The four main types of non-communicable diseases are:
  1. A balanced diet contributes to continued good health -  Download Guide
  2. Hypertension is a chronic, often irreversible cardiovascular disorder that translates into high blood pressure. - Download the guide to learn about the symptoms plus advice and prevention tips
  3. Learn more about the risk factors that can cause cardiovascular diseases - Download Guide